STEPH’S VET HINTS

 

 

VOMITING

 

Pick up water for at least 2 hours, then offer small amounts (2 to 4 oz. every 30 min) to see if it stays down.  If more vomiting, stop offering water and let stomach rest another couple of hours.

 

No food for 6-24 hours. 

 

Contact Roxie if vomiting continues in spite of resting stomach or if pup is very depressed.

 

Regurgitation of food is not a concern if it rarely happens.  This is a passive process of spitting up food/meal.  The pup acts/feels fine and may want to eat the food back up.  Report if this happens more than once. 

 

To induce vomiting if the pup consumes unwanted object/food – give hydrogen peroxide (1 tbsp for 30 lb  pup; 2 tbsp (=1 oz.) for 60 lb pup).  Will usually have dramatic effect within 10 minutes – get outside!  Repeat once after 20 minutes if hasn’t vomited.

 

 

DIARRHEA

 

Watch for stool consistency changes – hint of possible problem to come.

 

Frequent, liquid diarrhea (with or without a few drops of blood/mucous) – the large intestine is irritated (colitis) and pups have less control – the trots!  Confine in crate or tie-down – take out often.  No public outings until normal stool.  

 

Continue to offer water.

 

No food for 12-24 hours (9 months or older), no food for 3-12 hours (under 9 months) to allow the GI tract to rest.

 

Pepto Bismol tablets – Give ˝ tab up to 3 times a day as needed (30 lb. pup); give 1 tab up to 3 times daily as needed (60 lb. pup).  Only give after soft or unformed stool is seen.  It may turn stools a blackish color.

 

Immodium tablets (generic = loperamide, 2 mg.) – prefer only in pups 6 months and older.   For 45 to 80 lb. pup, give 1 tab initially, then ˝ tab every 12 hours as needed for soft stools.   

 

Bland diet for 2 to 4 days or longer until stools back to normal.  Options:

                   White rice and chicken/turkey breast (1:1 or 2:1 ratio)

                   White rice and low-fat cottage cheese (1:1 or 2:1 ratio)

                   Hill’s I/D diet or Purina’s EN – prescription cans from vet clinic

                   Offer 3-4 smaller meals daily to begin with.

 

Contact Roxie if the diarrhea continues for 24 hours, if there are increasing amounts of blood present in the stool, or if pup won’t eat for 24 hours and is  depressed.  

 

 

LAMENESS

 

Note which leg and when it started.  Record/report on monthly report.

Rest your pup.  No outings. 

If non-weight bearing for 24 hours, call Roxie and possible vet visit.

If favors leg, but getting better each day with rest, monitor for 3-7 days.   

 

 

ORAL PAPILLOMAS/WARTS

 

Normal “puppy illness” – no medical treatment needed.  Can be present inside cheeks, on tongue and lips.  Okay to still play tug, chew bones.  Can show Roxie pup’s mouth at puppy meeting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

EYE INFECTIONS

 

If increased mucous or green discharge, wipe eyes often and try flushing with saline, artificial tears or boric acid eye drops 1 to 3 times daily.  May be contagious to other dogs.

 

See vet ASAP if eye/cornea cloudy, pup squints eye constantly or you witnessed an injury – i.e., ran into a bush, cat swatted pup.

 

 

BEE STINGS/INSECT BITES

 

Common, especially in Sept/Oct as bees slow down!  Try to avoid situations such as the grass in the afternoon.

 

Benedryl (diphenhydramine – 25 mg. capsule OTC) – give 1 to 2 mg./lb. every 8 hours as needed.  E.g., 50 pound pup gets 2 or 3 capsules at once.   May make them drowsy.

 

Gums/mucous membranes should be pink.  Refill time less than 2 seconds if you press on gums.  If pale/white – could be shock – get to vet!  If the face/muzzle gets swollen, give Benedryl immediately and take to vet if swelling doesn’t subside.  If just hives(itchy welts) on body, try Benedryl at home first. 

 

 

EARS

 

If increased odor/wax in ears, first try cleaning ears with the ear wash daily for up to 7 days. 

 

If ears don’t improve or are tender, smelly and red, the pup will probably need a vet visit for medication.  Alert Roxie first. 

 

 

 

 

 

SLUG BAIT

 

Bad news for dogs!  Causes stimulation of the nervous system leading to tremors, salivation and eventual seizures.  This is evident within 30 minutes of ingestion.  Needs medical supportive care to attempt survival.  Pups will eat it – especially like the taste of the Corry’s granules.

 

 

HEAT STROKE

 

Cool dog immediately – hose, wet towel, get rectal temperature down to 103. 

Seek medical attention – need treatment with IV fluids and medications to prevent brain swelling.  AVOID HOT CARS, YARDS WITHOUT SHADE!  Dogs can only cool themselves through panting, they do not sweat.   Dogs should never be left in a car alone.  Even on a mild spring/fall day, the sun can come out and heat up a car quickly.